200 most important Spanish words for beginners

Are you think of starting, or have you just started to learn Spanish? If yes, then keep on reading because I have created this blog post to help you!

#How should you start to learn a language?

A good way is to start by learning the most frequent words that people use when they communicate with each other. By learning these 200 most important words, you can already have basic discussions, and it will help you to reach A1 or A2 level in Spanish. You are able to combine these words in different ways to form thousands of sentences.

The list of words comes from the research made by Dutch polyglot Wouter Corduwener. He was talking to people, listening what words they were using the most and wrote them down. After that, he created a list of 200 most important words for beginners. These words are already translated into Russian by "Natasha Speaks Russian". I'm translating the same list of words to Spanish and adding a couple of missing things.

#How to learn all of the words?

Instead of just trying to remember the words, you should learn these words by using them in sentences (in context). That way it will be much easier for you to remember how to use the words. You should try to spend 10-30 minutes each day to learn the words until you are familiar with them.

You can also use software to track how well you know the words. I have created a Memrise course that you can use as a flash card app to memorize the words. If you want to learn the words by using some other flashcard/word tracking software such as Anki or LingQ, just download the list of words in a text file and create a flash card deck or import the words into the app.

Wouter gives some tips in his video how to learn the words with a language partner without spending any money:

How to learn the 200 most important words

#200 most important Spanish words for beginners

Tip: I have also saved the words into a text file, in case you want to import the words into your favorite application. Click here to download the words in a text file.

#Verbs

Tip: For Verbs it is good to learn how they are conjugated in present tense. Click on a verb to see how it is conjugated.

#Survival Verbs

to be - ser listen / estar listen (Learn more about the differences between ser and estar)
to go - ir listen
to have - tener listen
to want - querer listen
to do / to make - hacer listen
to understand - entender listen / comprender listen
to speak - hablar listen
to sleep - dormir listen
to drink - beber listen
to eat - comer listen

#Conversational verbs

to know - saber listen
to like - gustar listen
to think - pensar listen
to find - encontrar listen
to live - vivir listen
to love - amar listen / querer listen
to say - decir listen
to see - ver listen
to hear - oír listen

#Verbs for daily life

to ask - preguntar (to request information, to inquire) listen / pedir (to ask for) listen
to answer - contestar listen
to buy - comprar listen
to sell - vender listen
to work - trabajar listen
to study - estudiar listen
to learn - aprender listen
to read - leer listen
to listen - escuchar listen
to write - escribir listen

#Other verbs

can - poder listen

#Nouns

I have added the definite article for each noun, so that you can see what the gender of the word is. Read more about definite and indefinite articles in Spanish.

Tip: Click a noun to see example phrases.

#Nouns to survive

water - el agua listen
money - el dinero listen
bathroom - el baño listen
restaurant - el restaurante listen
country - el país listen
language - el idioma listen
time - el tiempo listen
animal - el animal listen
food - la comida listen
place/spot - el lugar listen

#Nouns for locations

bank/ATM - el banco listen / el cajero listen
hotel - el hotel listen
station - la estación listen
school - la escuela listen
street - la calle listen
store - la tienda listen
bus - el autobús listen
train - el tren listen
airplane - el avión listen
airport - el aeropuerto listen

#Nouns for conversations

drink - la bebida listen
hobby - el pasatiempo listen / el hobby listen
sport - el deporte listen
movie - la película listen
house - la casa listen
job - el trabajo listen
person - la persona listen
people - la gente listen
word - la palabra listen
thing - la cosa listen

#Adjectives

bad - malo listen
good - bueno listen
kind - amable listen
cheap - barato listen
expensive - caro listen
healthy - sano listen
beautiful - hermoso listen
little - pequeño listen
big - grande listen
dangerous - peligroso listen
safe - seguro listen

#Prepositions

at - en listen
with - con listen
without - sin listen
to - a listen
over - sobre listen / encima de listen
about - sobre listen
from - de listen / desde listen
in - en listen
by - por listen
until - hasta listen
below - debajo de listen / abajo de listen
up/on - arriba listen
of - de listen
during - durante listen
between - entre listen
behind - detrás de listen / atrás de listen
in front of - delante de listen / enfrente de listen
for - por listen / para listen (Learn more about the differences between por and para)
down - abajo listen

#Feelings/emotions

(hungry) to have hunger - tener hambre listen
(thirsty) to have thirst - tener sed listen
(afraid) to have fear - tener miedo listen
sad - triste listen
happy - feliz listen

#Numbers

1 - uno listen
2 - dos listen
3 - tres listen
4 - cuatro listen
5 - cinco listen
6 - seis listen
7 - siete listen
8 - ocho listen
9 - nueve listen
10 - diez listen
11 - once listen
12 - doce listen
13 - trece listen
14 - catorce listen
15 - quince listen
16 - dieciséis listen
17 - diecisiete listen
18 - dieciocho listen
19 - diecinueve listen
20 - veinte listen
30 - treinta listen
40 - cuarenta listen
50 - cincuenta listen
60 - sesenta listen
70 - setenta listen
80 - ochenta listen
90 - noventa listen
100 - cien listen
200 - doscientos listen
300 - trescientos listen
400 - cuatrocientos listen
500 - quinientos listen
600 - seiscientos listen
700 - setecientos listen
800 - ochocientos listen
900 - novecientos listen
thousand - mil listen
million - millón listen

#Time specification

second - el segundo listen
minute - el minuto listen
hour/o’clock - la hora listen (No direct translation for "o'clock" exists in Spanish. Whole hours are referred to simply using the number, so "four o'clock" becomes "las cuatro.")
day - el día listen
week - la semana listen
month - el mes listen
year - el año listen
today - hoy listen
yesterday - ayer listen
tomorrow - mañana listen
now - ahora listen
later - más tarde listen
earlier - más temprano listen / antes listen
always - siempre listen
sometimes - a veces listen
morning - la mañana listen
afternoon - la tarde listen
evening - la tarde listen
night - la noche listen

#Questions

who - quién listen
why - por qué listen
when - cuándo listen
what - qué listen
where - dónde listen
which - cuál listen
how - cómo listen

#Sentence connectors

and - y listen
or - o listen
because - porque listen
when - cuándo listen
if - si listen
but - pero listen
too/also - también listen
since - desde listen

#Demonstrative pronouns

this - esto (neuter) listen / este (masculine) listen / esta (feminine) listen
that - eso (neuter) listen / ese (masculine) listen / esa (feminine) listen
these - estos (masculine) listen / estas (feminine) listen
those - esos listen, aquellos listen (masculine) / esas listen, aquellas listen (feminine) (In Spanish, "esos" refers to something that is not in the immediate vicinity of the speaker, but is also not too distant. "Aquellos" refers to something that is a great deal farther away from the speaker and listeners.)

#Pronouns

something/anything - algo listen / cualquier cosa listen
nothing - nada listen
everything - todo listen
not - no listen
some/any - algunos listen / alguno listen
every/everyone - cada listen / todos listen
someone/anyone - alguien listen / cualquiera listen
nobody/no one - nadie listen

#The language/country

Spanish language - el español listen
Spain - España listen
Spanish people - los españoles listen
Spanish (adjective of the country) - español listen

#Affirmative/negative

yes - listen
no - no listen

#Basic words

sorry - lo siento listen
goodbye - adiós listen
hello - hola listen
thanks - gracias listen

#Directions/locations

here - aquí listen / acá listen
there - ahí (close to the listener) listen, allí (further away from the listener) listen, allá (even further away from the listener) listen
left - izquierda listen
right - derecha listen

#Possessive Adjectives

Learn more about possessive adjectives

my - mi (singular) listen / mis (plural) listen
your (singular, informal) - tu (singular) listen / tus (plural) listen
your (singular, formal) / his / her - su (singular) listen / sus (plurarl) listen
our - nuestro (masculine, singular) listen / nuestra (feminine, singular) listen / nuestros (masculine, plural) listen / nuestras (feminine, plural) listen
your (plural, informal) - vuestro (masculine, singular) listen / vuestra (feminine, singular) listen / vuestros (masculine, plural) listen / vuestras (feminine, plural) listen
your (plural, formal) / their - su (singular) listen / sus (plurarl) listen

#Subject Pronouns

Learn more about subject pronouns

I - yo listen
you (informal) - listen
you (formal) - usted listen
he - él listen
she - ella listen
we - nosotros (masculine) listen / nosotras (feminine) listen
you all (informal) - vosotros (masculine) listen / vosotras (feminine) listen
you all (formal) - ustedes listen
they - ellos (masculine) listen / ellas (feminine) listen

#Direct object Pronouns

Learn more about direct object pronouns

him - lo listen
her - la listen
you (formal) - lo (masculine) / la (feminine)
them / you-all (formal) - los (masculine) listen / las (feminine) listen
us - nos listen
you (informal) - te listen
you-all (informal) - os listen
me - me listen

#Indirect object Pronouns

Learn more about indirect object pronouns

him / her / you (formal) - le listen
them / you-all (formal) - les listen
us - nos listen
you (informal) - te listen
you-all (informal) - os listen
me - me listen


Published by

Krister Kari

Speaks (B1-C2): English, Finnish, Swedish, Spanish, German, Italian and Portuguese.
Currently learning: Russian and Dutch.

Hello my name is Krister and I'm here to help you to learn languages.

I'm a language learning enthusiast and a Programmer from Finland. I speak 7 languages with levels from B1 to C2. I have learned all of those languages on my own using my own methods.

In this blog I'm sharing tricks and tips to allow people to learn languages in a fun and efficient way.


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