TPRS (Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling) is a language teaching method that uses storytelling, comprehensible input and reading to teach a language to students.
The most important part of TPRS is to create a story using 1-3 phrases, then ask and answer questions that are related to the story, and by doing so to make sure that the new vocabulary gets repeated multiple times during a class.
TPRS allows a student be more involved with the lesson compared to traditional teaching methods.
Watch the video below if you want to know about the story of TPRS.
In this step, the teacher introduces new phrases to the students. Normally the number of phrases is limited to 3 so that the teacher is able to repeat the selected phrases as many times as possible.
The phrases are written on a blackboard where the whole class can see them.
After that, the teacher starts asking the students questions using the selected phrases and the students will respond with short answers. This is done to make sure that the students fully understand the meaning of the new vocabulary.
In this step, the students hear the selected phrases in a context of a story. This story is going to be told in the language that is being learned. The story should be short and interesting, and also contain the selected phrases multiple times in the story.
Next, the teacher will start asking the students details about the story. The teacher usually only has a skeleton script for the story, and the rest of the details come from the students.
The role of the teacher is to help the students to contribute to the story.
In the final step, the students read and translate the story that contains the phrases that were used in the previous steps.
To get a better idea of how TPRS looks in a classroom setting, have a look at the video below. You can find plenty more videos on Youtube if you search for "tprs".
As you can see from the video, the class is highly interactive between the teacher and the students, and there is no studying from a textbook or grammar exercises.
TPRS is often used when teaching in a classroom, but it is definitely not limited to that. Many teachers use it as a basis for their online courses.
I have listed a few examples of great resources that use TPRS or are influenced by TPRS.
Real Russian Club is a Russian language learning resource from Daria, a Russian language teacher.
She has created her own Podcast, Youtube channel, and premium courses all in Russian suitable for beginner and intermediate learners. Most of the content and lessons follow the TPRS format.
|Type||Videos, Podcast, Stories|
|Cost||Free (Youtube videos, Podcast),
29$ - 69$ (Premium courses)
Real Polish is a language learning resource by a Polish man called Piotr.
When learning new languages Piotr was inspired by the same principles that are behind TPRS, so he decided to base his Polish teaching on the same things.
On his website, he is offering a free Podcast and premium courses to learn Polish. Beginner learners can purchase the "100 Daily Polish Stories" course.
99€ single payment /
a subscription of 10€ per month (100 stories)
Steve Kauffman from LingQ was inspired by the mini stories offered by Real Polish, so he decided to hire a writer to write some mini stores that are being crowdsourced by LingQ members and other people interested in the project.
The project has received a lot of interest and there are already quite many community-contributed Mini stories available at LingQ. Have a look at the mini stories thread at LingQ forum for more info.
|Language||Russian, Swedish, Arabic, Korean,
German, Spanish, Italian, English...
(more languages are being added)
|Cost||LingQ subscription 10$ per month|
Speaks (B1-C2): English, Finnish, Swedish, Spanish, German, Italian and Portuguese.
Currently learning: Russian and Dutch.
I'm a language learning enthusiast and a Programmer from Finland. I speak 7 languages with levels from B1 to C2. I have learned all of those languages on my own using my own methods.
In this blog I'm sharing tricks and tips to allow people to learn languages in a fun and efficient way.